Johann Paul Kremer, M.D., Ph.D., professor at the University of Münster,
arrived at Auschwitz
on August 30, 1942, where he replaced a doctor who had fallen sick. He
carried out assessments of prisoners attempting to gain admission to the
remember I once took part in the gassing of one of these groups of women.
I cannot say how big the group was. when I got close to the bunker I saw
them sitting on the ground. They were still clothed. As they were wearing
worn-out camp clothing they were not left in the undressing hut but made
to undress in the open air. I concluded from the behavior of these women
that they had no doubt what fate awaited them, as they begged and sobbed
to the SS men to spare them their lives. However, they were herded into
the gas chambers and gassed.
Letter from SS-Standartenführer Sievers to SS-Obersturmbannführer Dr. Brandt, November 2, 1942 (Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Vol. XX, p. 520):
Letter from SS-Sturmbannführer Brandt to SS-Obersturmbannführer Sievers, March 21, 1942. (Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 144):
"Reference is made to the sub atmospheric pressure experiments which are being carried out on concentration camp inmates in the Dachau camp by the air force. The Reich Leader-SS has approved the experiments under the conditions that SS-Untersturmführer Dr. Rascher who is an Obersturmführer in the air-force, will take part in them."
Letter from SS-Untersturmführer Rascher to Reichsführer-SS Himmler, April 5, 1942. (Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 144-147):
esteemed Reich Leader:
Only continuous experiments at altitudes higher than 10.5 Km resulted in death. These experiments showed that breathing stopped after about 30 minutes, while in two cases the electrocardiographically charted action of the heart continued for another 20 minutes.
The third experiment of this type took such an extraordinary course that I called an SS physician of the camp as a witness, since I had worked on these experiments all by myself. It was a continuous experiment without oxygen at a height of 12 Km. conducted on a 37-year old Jew in good general condition. Breathing continued up to 30 minutes. After 4 minutes the experimental subject began to perspire and to wiggle his head, after 5 minutes cramps occurred, between 6 and 10 minutes breathing increased in speed and the experimental subject became unconscious; from 11 to 30 minutes breathing slowed down to three breaths per minute, finally stopping altogether.
Severest cyanosis developed in between and foam appeared at the mouth...
One hour later after breathing had stopped, the spinal marrow was completely severed and the brain was removed. Thereupon the action of the auricle stopped for 40 seconds. In then renewed its action, coming to a complete standstill 8 minutes later. A heavy sub archnoid oedema was found in the brain. In the veins and arteries of the brain a considerable quantity of air was discovered."
Report by SS-Untersturmführer Rascher about cooling experiments in Dachau, September 10, 1942. ( Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 220):
"The experimental subjects were placed in the water, dressed in complete flying uniform, winter or summer combination, and with an aviator's helmet. A life jacket made out of rubber kapok was to prevent submerging. The experiments were carried out at water temperatures varying from from 2.5 to 12 Centigrade. In one experimental series, the occiput (brain stem) protruded above the water, while in another series of experiments the occiput (brain stem) and back of the head were submerged in water.
Electrical measurements gave low temperature readings of 26.4 in the stomach and 26.5 in the rectum. Fatalities occurred only when the brain stem and the back of the head were also chilled. Autopsies of of such fatal cases always revealed large amounts of free blood, up to one-half litter, in the cranial cavity."
Report by Prof. Dr. Holzloehner, Dr. Rascher, and Dr. Finke, regarding cooling experiments, October 10, 1942. (Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 226-243):
the experimental subject was placed in the water under narcosis, one
observed a certain arousing effect. The subject began to groan and made
some defensive movements. In a few cases a state of excitation developed.
This was especially severe in the cooling of head and neck. But never was
a complete cessation of the narcosis observed.
Letter from SS-Untersturmführer Dr. Rascher to SS-Sturmbannführer Rudolph Brandt, October 3, 1942. ( Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 221-222):
Reich leader SS wants to be informed of the state of the experiments. I
can announce that the experiments have been concluded, with the exception
of those on warming with body heat. The final report will be ready in
about 5 days. Prof. Holzloehner, for reasons I cannot fathom, does not
himself want to make the report to the Reich Leader Himmler and has asked
me to attend to it. This report must be made before 20 October, because
the great Luftwaffe conference on freezing takes place on Nuremberg on 25
October. The report on the results of our research must be made there, to
assure that they be used in time for the troops.
to investigate the effectiveness of sulfanilamide. Wounds deliberately inflicted on the victims were infected with bacteria such as streptococcus, gas gangrene, and tetanus. Circulation of blood was interrupted by tying off blood vessels at both ends of the wound to create a condition similar to that of a battlefield wound. Infection was aggravated by forcing wood shavings and ground glass into the wounds. The infection was treated with sulfanilamide and other drugs to determine their effectiveness. Many victims died as a result of these experiments and others suffered serious injury and intense agony.
Spotted Fever (Typhus) Experiments
to investigate the effectiveness of spotted fever and other vaccines. Numerous victims were deliberately infected with spotted fever virus in order to keep the virus alive - over 90 percent of the victims died as a result.
Experiments with Poison
to investigate the effect of various poisons upon human beings. The poisons were secretly administered to the victims in their food. The victims died as a result of the poison or were killed immediately in order to permit autopsies. In or about September 1944 the victims were shot with poison bullets and suffered torture and death.