became the killing center where the largest numbers of European Jews were
killed. Extermination was conducted on an industrial scale with some
estimates running as high as three million persons eventually killed
through gassing, starvation, disease, shooting, and burning. 9 out of 10
were Jews. In addition, Gypsies, Soviet POWs, and prisoners of all
nationalities died in the gas chambers.
another, later gassing - also in autumn 1941- Grabner ordered me to pour
Zyklon B into the opening because only one medical orderly had shown up.
During a gassing Zyklon B had to be poured through both openings of the
gas-chamber room at the same time. This gassing was also a transport of
200-250 Jews, once again men, women and children.
Testimony of SS private Hoeblinger. Extracted from Der Auschwitz Prozess by Hermann Langbein, Vol. I. Quoted in Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers - J.C Pressac, the Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY, 1989, p. 174:
"I was detailed to the transport service and I drove the Sanka which was to carry the prisoners .. Then we drove to the gas chambers. The medical orderlies climbed a ladder, they had gas masks up there, and emptied the cans. I was able to observe the prisoners while they were undressing. It always proceeded quietly and without them suspecting anything. It happened very quickly ..."
Testimony of SS private Boeck. Extracted from Der Auschwitz Prozess by Hermann Langbein, Vol. I. Quoted in Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers - J.C Pressac, the Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY, 1989, p. 181:
were you present at a gassing operation one day?
Testimony of SS-Unterscharführer Perry Broad, describing gassing in Krema I in Auschwitz. Quoted in KL Auschwitz as Seen by the SS, p. 176:
The disinfectors were at work. One of them was SS-Unterscharführer
Teuer, decorated with the Cross of War Merit. With a chisel and a hammer
they opened a few innocuously looking tins which bore the inscription
"Cyclon, to be used against vermin. Attention, poison! to be opened
by trained personnel only!". The tins were filled to the brim with
blue granules the size of peas. Immediately after opening the tins, their
contents was thrown into the holes which were then quickly covered.