statistics derived from Yad Vashem and Fleming, Hitler
and the Final Solution.
The world outside
Nazi Europe received numerous press reports in the 1930s about the persecution
of Jews. By 1942 the governments of the United States and Great Britain had
confirmed reports about the Final Solution - Germany's intent to kill all
the Jews of Europe. However, influenced by antisemitism and fear of a massive
influx of refugees, neither country modified their refugee politics. No specific
attempts to stop or slow the genocide were made until mounting pressure
eventually forced the United States to undertake limited rescue efforts in 1944.
In Europe, rampant antisemitism incited citizens of many German-occupied
countries to collaborate with the Nazis in their genocidal policies. There were,
however, individuals and groups in every occupied nation who, at great personal
risk, helped hide those targeted by the Nazis.
One nation, Denmark,
saved most of its Jews in a nighttime rescue operation in 1943 in which Jews
were ferried in fishing boats to safety in neutral Sweden.