The Holocaust - The Nazi Genocide

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Holocaust Deaths

Country/Region

Low Estimate

High Estimate

Germany (1938 Borders)

125,000

130,000

Austria

58,0000

65,000

Belgium & Luxembourg

24,700

29,000

Bulgaria

0

7,000

Czechoslovakia

245,000

277,000

France

64,000

83,000

Greece

58,000

65,000

Hungary & Ukraine

300,000

402,000

Italy

7,500

8,000

Netherlands

101,800

106,000

Norway

677

760

Poland & USSR

3,700,000

4,565,000

Romania

40,000

220,000

Yugoslavia

54,000

60,000

TOTAL

4,778,677

6,017,760

Source: Nizkor Project statistics derived from Yad Vashem and Fleming, Hitler and the Final Solution.

 

The world outside Nazi Europe received numerous press reports in the 1930s about the persecution of Jews. By 1942 the governments of the United States and Great Britain had confirmed reports about the Final Solution - Germany's intent to kill all the Jews of Europe. However, influenced by antisemitism and fear of a massive influx of refugees, neither country modified their refugee politics. No specific attempts to stop or slow the genocide were made until mounting pressure eventually forced the United States to undertake limited rescue efforts in 1944.

In Europe, rampant antisemitism incited citizens of many German-occupied countries to collaborate with the Nazis in their genocidal policies. There were, however, individuals and groups in every occupied nation who, at great personal risk, helped hide those targeted by the Nazis.

One nation, Denmark, saved most of its Jews in a nighttime rescue operation in 1943 in which Jews were ferried in fishing boats to safety in neutral Sweden.

 

 


 

 

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