became the killing centre where the largest numbers of European Jews were killed.
By mid 1942, mass gassing of
Jews using Zyklon-B began at Auschwitz, where extermination was conducted on an
industrial scale with some estimates running as high as three million persons
eventually killed through gassing, starvation, disease, shooting, and burning. 9
out of 10 were Jews. In addition, Gypsies, Soviet POWs, and prisoners of all
nationalities died in the gas chambers.
Auschwitz-Birkenau was located nearby the provincial Polish town of Oshwiecim in
Galacia, and was established by order of Heinrich Himmler on 27 April 1940.
Private diaries of Goebbels and Himmler unearthed from the secret Soviet
archives show that Adolf
Hitler personally ordered the mass extermination of the Jews - as Goebbels
wrote "With regards to the Jewish question, the Fuhrer decided to make a
clean sweep ..."
You find horrifying stories of Auschwitz-Birkenau and a clique of fanatical,
ruthless SS-men. And you find stories to bear witness to goodness - in Auschwitz
the missionary Jane Haining refused to reject her children and showed
herself to be a saint. And Oscar Schindler came to Auschwitz to save 300
Schindler-women from certain death. He managed to do it - the only shipment out
of the Nazi death camp during WW2 ..