One of the most feared and hated Nazi leaders of World War II, Adolf Eichmann was responsible for the deaths of millions of Jews. In August 1944 this Master of Death could report to Himmler that approximately four million Jews had died in the death camps and that another two million had been killed by mobile extermination units. Israeli agents finally captured him in 1960 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and he was brought to Israel and tried for crimes against humanity. December 2, 1961, Eichmann was sentenced to death for crimes against the Jewish people and crimes against humanity. On May 31, 1962, the State of Israel carried out the only death sentence in its history on the man whose only defense was, "I was just following orders."